The short answer: No, AI generated music is not automatically copyrighted under current US copyright law, only creative works with significant human input qualify for protection.
Everything you need to know:
- Only AI music with significant human input may qualify as a joint work eligible for copyright under current law.
- Concerns exist around how AI systems use copyrighted works in their training datasets.
- Output music too similar to existing pieces could face infringement claims.
- As the technology advances, copyright law will likely require changes to better address AI issues.
Since AI systems are not considered “authors,” music they create completely independently lacks inherent copyright. However, it’s not that simple. If a person is actively involved in the creative process – selecting melodies, editing arrangements, etc. – the resulting track may be considered a “joint work” eligible for copyright as a collaboration between human and machine.
So in that sense, you could have copyright over an AI-generated song if you played an active role in its production. But music made by an AI alone without human guidance is not automatically copyrighted simply due to the fact that it was created using technology.
While AI outputs themselves may not be copyrightable, issues can arise from how these systems train. Models feeding on huge datasets of existing copyrighted songs raises legal questions about things like reproduction and distribution rights.
At the same time, others argue this type of use could be considered transformative and thus protected as fair use under copyright law. As the technology develops, we can expect these legal gray areas to be tested further.
Is AI music legal?
While AI-generated music itself may not be copyrighted, issues can arise from how AI systems are trained. Models feeding on huge datasets of existing songs raises issues of the original artists’ reproduction and distribution rights. However, some argue this constitutes fair use for the purposes of machine learning. Additionally, output music deemed too similar to existing works could face copyright infringement claims regardless of the AI creation process.
As AI music capabilities improve, the legal framework will certainly evolve. New laws or tests may emerge to balance artist rights protection with innovation. For now, legal gray areas remain on both copyrights for AI-assisted collaborative works and fair use of music datasets. Check back for updates as this evolving landscape develops further guidelines.
For the latest updates on AI music copyright protections and any new laws emerging to clarify this developing legal landscape, be sure to check back here. In the meantime, be mindful of potential legal risks surrounding both protection of your AI-generated works and any copyright issues from your training datasets or similar output music. Let me know if any other questions arise!